P11D and Online Filing - Overview and Setup

The law requires that at the end of each tax year an employer provides particulars of any expenses, benefits and facilities provided to:

The details must be provided to HMRC on form P11D. This is prepared by the employer for each employee/director and must be submitted before a date specified by HMRC.

For 2017/18 this date is 6th July 2018. The HMRC web site can provide additional information and guides. Additionally some benefits attract class 1A national insurance contributions payable by the employer. The employers declaration of Class 1A contributions is provided on form P11D(b).

The P11D function is designed to support employers by capturing likely P11D return data during the year and at times when transactions are naturally being entered into the system. The system then will automatically provide a P11D form and section 336 statements for each relevant employee or director, allow for easy review and online filing directly to the HMRC gateway.

Users can expect significant improvements in efficiency in dealing with this compliance issue. Expense accounts have been cross-referenced to appropriate P11D sections so that recording a transaction to that account and selecting an employee/director will prompt the system to include the information on preparing the P11D for the selected employee at the PAYE year-end. If an employee/director is not selected then the values will not be included.

Transactions can be amended later if it is decided a different situation applies. In some instances the P11D return requires that any amounts made good by the employee/director be shown separately from the cash equivalent benefit. This is picked up by the system in a similar way to the benefit transaction but recognising that the sign is opposite. When a custom is account is added then the user will be asked to select an appropriate P11D section reference if appropriate. Certain sections are not account driven as described above, but the principle of recording a transaction and selecting an employee/director to activate a P11D entry remains the same. Section-by-Section descriptions are given in an additional user guide. Note that access to the preparation and online filing routines is via the Payroll menu, but it is not necessary to be using the payroll for pay purposes.

If there are any aspects of P11Ds and the tax and national insurance consequences that you are unsure of, a discussion with your advisor is strongly advised.

Payrolling of benefits and expenses

Once registered with HMRC you may add the cash equivalent of the employees' benefits to their pay and then tax them through your payroll. HMRC will make sure the value of the benefit is not included in your employees' tax codes.

If you use the service you:

Once the tax year has started you will have to payroll the benefits for the whole of the tax year, or until you stop providing them.

More information is available from Payrolling Benefits

Government Gateway Credentials

For on-line filing a user will need a Government Gateway ID and password. If these credentials do not exist, register at www.gateway.gov.uk. Allow a minimum of two weeks to complete the process.

P11D and P11D(b) Forms

P11D - Return of expenses payments and benefits

A form must be returned for any employee/director that has relevant benefits. Currently the P11D form is made up of 14 sections each reporting a category of cash equivalent (taxable benefit). In summary these are: -

The system will produce both a printable copy of the return for each employee/director as well as filing the return directly to the HMRC gateway. The return will show any cash equivalent benefit under any relevant category.

P11d(b) - Return of class 1A national insurance contributions due

This form summarises the total benefits that are liable to Class 1A and shows the computation of the amount of the contributions to be paid by the employer. This will include any Class 1A due on payrolled benefits. There is an employers declaration section, where an appropriate officer confirms the details. The system will file the figures online.

Setting up to record information

To activate the tracking of expenses and benefits for P11D purposes it is necessary to switch the feature on. This prevents screens having unnecessary analysis boxes if P11D recording is not required.

Personnel P11D expenses and benefit tracking is activated via the Optional Features tab, under the Control menu.

Control - Organisation Profile - Optional Features

Tick the Personnel P11D Expenses and Benefit Tracking box. A prompt to switch on payroll may also be seen. Payroll will need to be activated even if it is not to be used for pay purposes.

Setting up Employees and Directors

Each P11D return is specific to a relevant employee or director. So when any transaction is being recorded and it is to have a P11D impact an employee/director must be selected at the time it is entered, or subsequently selected in an edit or review process.

Setting up an employee and/or director is done via the Payroll/People menus.

Payroll - Manage Employees - click the red + to add an Employee
People - Manage Personnel - click the red + to add an Employee

Note a payroll reference and national insurance number are required to be entered on the Payroll/Tax screens

Capturing information at the point of entering a transaction

Only select an employee/director if you wish the transaction to be included in a P11D return.

When an expense transaction is being entered, the Analysis Tab will present a drop down box, P11D Employee, from which the relevant employee/director is selected. Leave the default selection 'Not Applicable' if there is no P11D impact.

Usual transactions in which P11D data capture could be expected are:

Note that if a situation exists that on a particular transaction, part must be recorded for P11D purposes it will be necessary to enter the transaction as two separate transactions one with an employee/director selected to record the P11D element.

Relating accounts to P11D items

The basic principle is that an account is linked to a P11D section item. For example the account Subscriptions and Professional Fees is linked to the P11D Section M - subscriptions and fees (subject to class 1A national insurance). The result is that when a transaction is entered in the system and an employee/director is selected then that amount will be shown on the P11D return for that employee. The different P11D sections have different accounts linked to them and default links for standard accounts are maintained by the system. If you are not sure which accounts are linked, print the list of expense accounts in the chart of accounts. Those accounts linked to a section are indicated with a section letter in the P11D column.

Accounts - Print Account Listing - Expense

If an appropriate account does not exist then look at the list of system standard accounts, again those accounts linked to a section are indicated with a section letter in the P11D column.

Accounts - Add from Standard Accounts

If an account you require is not available in the current Chart of Accounts, or available from the standard list a custom account can be created.

Accounts - Add a Custom Account

The edit account details screen is presented.

Click the SUBMIT button to confirm the account.

If the account is an Expense account some other data items exist. You are strongly recommended that you consult your advisor before setting these parameters.

Not all P11D sections are dealt with in this way and the differences are described in a P11D section by section user guide.

Dealing with amounts made good (Contributions from Employees)

Where an employee/director makes a cash contribution either partially or in total to offset any particular expense, the amount is entered as a Receipt selecting as the expense account the original account as well as selecting the employee/director in the P11D Employee drop-down.

Where next

The reader may find the two additional P11D related guides highlighted below helpful.

Related Topics