Payroll - Dealing with statutory maternity, adoption, paternity and sickness payments

Statutory Maternity Leave

Eligible employees can take up to 52 weeks' maternity leave. The first 26 weeks is known as 'Ordinary Maternity Leave', the last 26 weeks as 'Additional Maternity Leave'. The earliest that leave can be taken is 11 weeks before the expected week of childbirth, unless the baby is born early. Employees must take at least 2 weeks after the birth (or 4 weeks if they are a factory worker).

SMP for eligible employees can be paid for up to 39 weeks, usually as follows:

Tax and National Insurance need to be deducted.

Statutory Paternity Leave

Employees may be eligible for Statutory Paternity Leave and Pay if they and their partner are:

Employees can choose to take either 1 week or 2 consecutive weeks' leave. The amount of time is the same even if they have more than one child (for example twins). Leave cannot start before the birth. The start date must be one of the following:

Leave must finish within 56 days of the birth (or due date if the baby is early). The start and end dates are different if the employee is adopting.

Statutory Paternity Pay for eligible employees is either £148.68 (from 7 April 2019) a week or 90% of their average weekly earnings (whichever is lower).

Tax and National Insurance need to be deducted.

Statutory Adoption Leave

When an employee takes time off to adopt a child or have a child through a surrogacy arrangement they might be eligible for Statutory Adoption Pay and Leave.

Employees can take up to 52 weeks' Statutory Adoption Leave. The first 26 weeks is known as 'Ordinary Adoption Leave', the last 26 weeks as 'Additional Adoption Leave'. Leave can start:

  1. on the date the child starts living with the employee or up to 14 days before the expected placement date (UK adoptions)
  2. when an employee has been matched with a child to be placed with them by a UK adoption agency
  3. when the child arrives in the UK or within 28 days of this date (overseas adoptions)
  4. the day the child's born or the day after (parents in surrogacy arrangements)

Statutory Adoption Pay (SAP) for employees is:

Tax and National Insurance need to be deducted.

Statutory Shared Parental Leave

Eligible employees and their partners may be able to get Shared Parental Leave (SPL) and Statutory Shared Parental Pay (ShPP) if they are having a baby or adopting a child. They can share up to 50 weeks of leave and up to 37 weeks of pay between them. They need to share the pay and leave in the first year after the child is born or placed with the family. They can use SPL to take leave in blocks separated by periods of work, or take it all in one go. They can also choose to be off work together or to stagger the leave and pay.

Statutory Sick Pay

Your employees may be eligible for Statutory Sick Pay (SSP), which is £94.25 (from 6 April 2019) a week for up to 28 weeks. You can offer more if you have a company sick pay scheme (you cannot offer less). Company schemes are also called 'contractual' or 'occupational' sick pay and must be included in an employment contract.

Tax and National Insurance need to be deducted. Payments of SSP cannot be recovered from HMRC

Setting up the payroll for statutory payments

Calculate the amounts of statutory pay

Firstly calculate an employee's maternity, paternity or adoption leave and pay using the HMRC maternity and paternity calculator Keeping a note of the calculated payment figures.

Calculate an employee's sick pay using the HMRC sick pay (ssp)calculator Keeping a note of the calculated payment figures.

Set up the payroll element for a statutory payment

Navigate to configure payroll from the payroll menu.

Payroll - Configure Payroll - Payroll Elements

Click ADD ITEM and give the element a name (this will appear as a line on the pay-slip) and select from the Element Type drop down the appropriate type, either:

Select the relevant payment pattern and tick each of the Impacts PAYE Gross and NI Gross boxes as well as the impacts Pension box if appropriate. Click SUBMIT to confirm.

Enter the payment amounts

In the usual way add the amount (as calculated) to the employees pay.

Personnel - Manage Employees - Pay and Deductions - ADD ITEM and select the new statutory pay element

Run the payroll

Once all items for all employees have been entered relevant to the particular payroll; run it in the normal way.

Payroll - Payruns


Details of statutory payments made to a particular employee are shown on their payslip and the p11. The summary position for the organisation as a whole is shown on the p32.

Processing an EPS (Employer Payment Summary)

An EPS is filed for a pay period when there are statutory payments and compensation to recover (SMP, SAP, ShPP).

Any figures in an EPS are on a cumulative basis for the PAYE Year and when run will include the figures for all payrolls finalised (weekly, two weekly, monthly etc.) since the last time an EPS was filed. It would be normal to run the EPS at the end of particular PAYE month.

An EPS is usually filed after closing all payrolls and filing all FPS's for the PAYE period and in essence explains to HMRC why the deductions shown on the FPS's are not paid over in full due to any recovered amounts of statutory pay and compensation. File an EPS from the HMRC menu.

HMRC - Payroll Returns(RTI) - EPS - click the red + button to start a new eps filing

Payments to HMRC

Once all payrolls in the PAYE period have been closed and FPS and EPS returns filed use the P32 report to find the amount of deductions that need to be paid over to HMRC. Make the payment to HMRC by the 19th of the subsequent PAYE period at the latest.


As each payroll (weekly, monthly etc) in a PAYE period are closed the system posts the deductions (PAYE, NIC etc) to Current Liability accounts. Because each payroll may have statutory pay and compensation recoverable from HMRC the total in any PAYE period cannot be known until all payrolls have been run.

The difference between the P32 report and the amounts that have been posted from each payroll run in the PAYE period will need to recorded by using a journal.

For Example
Deductions Weekly 2 Weekly Monthly Total
Employee NIC 60.95 84.80 285.65 431.39
Employer NIC 71.49 100.83 334.24 506.56
PAYE 79.80 103.80 378.80 562.40
Posted by Payruns 212.24 289.43 998.69 1500.35
Less E Allowance (506.56)
Due before Statutory Pay recovery 993.79
Statutory Pay/Compensation recovery per P32 (860.59)
Net payment to HMRC 133.20

A journal will need to be posted that adjusts the payroll charge for the period for the Statutory Pay/Compensation recovery. In this example by crediting an expense account and debiting a payroll liability account.

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