Payroll - Overview and start point for users unfamiliar with payroll processes
A payroll process in summary.
- If necessary ensure at least one bank account is available
- Enter initial details of employees
- Define the types of remuneration (Monthly salary, Weekly pay, bonuses etc.) that will be paid via the payroll, known as Payroll Elements and at the same time the relevant account in the chart of accounts
- Enter PAYE and National Insurance details of employees
- Associate appropriate Payroll Elements to each Employee
- Enter any prior pay details by employee if setting up for the first time or a new employee
- Run payroll
- Check Pension Auto-enrolment status and initiate pension contributions if required
- File an (Full Payment Submission)FPS and an (Employer Payment Summary)EPS if necessary
- Make all payments, to employees as well as to HMRC and any pension organisations involved
- File all printouts and received notices
This guide covers the following:
- The Payroll Menu
- HMRC, Payroll and RTI (Real Time Information)
- Where Next
The Payroll Menu
The payroll menu options are divided into seven key areas.
The top two items access the usual items required to set up and run payrolls on a regular basis; Includes amending pay and deduction items and then processing single or multiple payrolls.
Payroll Batch History
All payroll batches are listed. The displayed list can be filtered by:
- Batch Run type - Essentially the status of a run such as , Open, Closed, Employee Reversal
- Payroll Admin. Group - Weekly, Monthly, Two weekly etc.
- Date window
Adjacent to each batch is an Action Box. The actions available are determined by the run type and includes a DELETE option.
Provides reporting for payslips, payroll summaries as well as the Inland Revenue forms P11, P32, P45 and P60. Employee data report displays all the standing data associated with each employee. Payroll analysis report provides the details of the payroll runs for each employee during the tax year. This report may be exported in XLS and CSV format. Details of generated lists for net pay are available as well as a report identifying the accounting entries into the nominal ledger. An export file with payment extracts that can be used for BACS/online banking is available from the Payment Listing report.
Each employee is presented as a data card with displaying the admin.group to which they belong, an icon to access notes and an Action Box. The Action Box provides for amending the employee details, tax and NI status, pension and dealing with leavers, together with information on any prior pay (Previous employment or previous payroll system), details of any employee loans or court order instructions.
To add a new employee click the red + symbol, the Add Employee screen is displayed. More information on completing this screen, depending on the legal status of the entity, is available from:
- Company - Employee Details/Posts Held Screen
- Not for Profit/Charity - Employee Details/Posts Held Screen
- Limited Liability Partnership - Employee Details/Posts Held Screen
- Sole Trader - Employee Details/Posts Held Screen
Note once they are set up the Quick Pay/Deductions facility is available to amend pay and/or deduction data for multiple employees rather than one at a time.
Payroll - Quick Pay/Deductions
Controls payroll runs. Facilities exist to rollback a particular payroll run for an employee, close the current PAYE Year and do a bulk tax code update.
Close PAYE year closes the current PAYE year and rolls the system into a new PAYE year. Bulk Tax Code Update allows for bulk adjustment to all tax code in the payroll. This is usually used for a new tax year when HMRC issue general instructions to amend all tax codes
Provides for basic payroll and PAYE configuration data, and accesses the setup of global level details for payroll elements and pension schemes. Once set these will likely require only infrequent maintenance.
RTI - Real Time Information
From 6th April 2013 employers (with a few exceptions) report their payroll information to HM Revenue & Customs on or before EVERY PAYDAY. Each time you pay an employee you submit details about employee pay and deductions. Three submission types are used in the day to day running of payrolls and a fourth is used correct information in a prior year.
- National Insurance Verification Request (NVR)
- Full Payment Submission (FPS)
- Employer Payment Summary (EPS
- Earlier Year Update (EYU)
National Insurance Verification Request (NVR)
If your employee does not have a National Insurance Number or you would like to verify a number then tick the Include in Next NINO Verification Request box on HMRC CODES and TABLES tab of the Employee Payroll Detail.
Payroll - Manage Employees - Action Box for relevant Employee - Payroll/Tax Details - HMRC Codes & Tables tab
Processing the FPS (Full Payment Summary)
When a payroll run is finalised the user is taken to a submission screen and the FPS is ready to process.
Processing an EPS (Employer Payment Summary)
An EPS is filed for a pay period when any of the following apply: -
- There are statutory payments and compensation to recover (SMP, SAP, ShPP)
- As a limited Liability Company there are CIS deductions suffered
- An NIC Holiday is due under the Regional Employer NICs holiday for New Business scheme
- No payments to employees are made within a pay period i.e. No FPS made.
- Employment Allowance claim is being switched on or off.
Any figures in an EPS are on a cumulative basis for the PAYE Year and when run will include the figures for all payrolls finalised (weekly, two weekly, monthly etc.) since the last time an EPS was filed. It would be normal to run the EPS at the end of particular PAYE month.
If no payments are made in the tax month (so there is no FPS to make) you must submit an EPS and indicate no payment is due for this PAYE month. This should be done within 14 days of the end of the month. (See below) If no payments are made for a period greater than a PAYE month then this must be indicated. (See below) It is the users responsibility to determine whether an EPS needs to be filed.
Earlier Year Update (EYU), correction of errors
See separate topic. Payroll - EYU (Earlier Year Update)
It is suggested that for those users new to payroll and payroll processing the following route through users guides may be helpful.
- Payroll - Running a Payroll
- Payroll - Pension Schemes
- Payroll - Payrolling Benefits
- Manage Employees
- Payroll - Salary Sacrifice
- Payroll - Payroll Leavers and Reinstatement